武汉喝茶会所：Russian version of Caesar-Russian 152mm caliber truck gun exposed
Russian version of “Caesar”-Russian 152mm caliber truck gun exposed
Source: World Wide Web
According to a report from the “Defense Blog” website on July 20,Russia’s latest 152mm caliber “Mallow” wheeled self-propelled howitzer has been exposed recently.The first appearance of this mysterious weapon has attracted strong attention from all parties.As Russia’s latest truck gun,How did it win the favor of the Russian military?And how about its performance?
Like a broken bamboo,”Mallow” wheeled self-propelled howitzer
recently,The latest 152mm “Mallow” wheeled self-propelled howitzer exposed by Russia,Attracted the attention of many people.The so-called truck gun,Is formed by combining howitzers and trucks,The reactivity and maneuverability on hardened roads are better than the previous crawler.
In this field,France was the first country to develop a wheeled vehicle gun.The most famous “Caesar” 155mm truck gun,Was developed by the French weapons industry,And drove the development of wheeled artillery in the world,It opened up a broad space for the development of self-propelled howitzers.Russia, as a rising country in the development of vehicle guns,Its research and development results are also quite remarkable,The exposed “mallow” is a typical exception.The 152mm caliber “Mallow” wheeled self-propelled howitzer was designed by the Central Design and Research Institute of Russia.The 2S43 “Mallow” self-propelled artillery is in the Russian 2S40 type,2S41 “Gorse”,2S42 “Lotus” and many other models stand out.
In shooting design,The 2S43 “Mallow” self-propelled artillery adopts the same design of the front-mounted cannon at the rear of the carriage as the common truck chassis wheeled self-propelled howitzer.Mallow howitzer,Using a three-chamber muzzle brake,Equipped with a hydraulic anti-recoil system.Mallow is equipped with a long shot tube,The range can exceed 40 kilometers,It emits 8 rounds per minute.Equipped with a remote control station,In its shooting performance has been greatly improved.According to the characteristic that Russia has a vast territory,”Mallow” has light weight,Strong mobility,6 meters long body,Can be used by Russia’s active transport aircraft,Such as Il-76 or An-124 transportation,Therefore, it has a strong strategic transfer capability.
In terms of launch method,2S43 “Mallow” currently seems to be a relatively traditional way of putting down the lifting hydraulic pedal,While serving as a hoe,The crew members stood on the pedals to operate.From the rear device,It should be a semi-automatic loader.Although the rate of fire is slightly lower than that of the automatic loading machine,But it also reduces weight and cost.
And in the choice of artillery,The 2A64 howitzer equipped with the 2S19 “Carnation-S” 152mm crawler self-propelled artillery was adopted,This high-magnification artillery is very mature,And served for many years,This choice will greatly reduce production costs.The previously popular 2A88 howitzer was rejected because of its weight.
Ups and downs,”Mallow” finally became the Russian version of “Caesar”
The “Mallow” truck gun is not a brand new equipment.As early as October 2019,A picture of the design of a self-propelled gun on the chassis of a wheeled truck was circulated on the Russian domestic network.And a partial model of the gun appeared,It is the current Russian “Caesar”,Overall, the difference is not bad,But Russia’s experience in developing truck guns can be described as twists and turns.
For Russia, which is very skilled in artillery weapons,Developing a truck gun is technically not difficult at all.But because of Russia’s lack of interest in truck guns,Developed an A-222 high-mobility coastal defense gun and a very simple and rude 2S35-1 “Soyuz-SV” KSh vehicle-mounted howitzer.
The A-222 shore defense gun looks like a vehicle-mounted gun from the outside.It uses a MAZ-543 8×8 chassis,The main technology of the 130mm artillery system on board comes from the AK-130 high-speed naval gun.At the same time, it combines some design achievements of the 2S19 self-propelled howitzer.Mainly equipped with the Russian Navy’s coastal defense forces,Cooperate with shore-based anti-ship missile operations such as the “Fort-P” shore-launched anti-ship missile system.
2S35-1 “Alliance-SV” KSh vehicle-mounted howitzer is simply to install the unmanned turret of the “Alliance-SV” tracked self-propelled howitzer on the KamAZ-6560 8×8 high-mobility off-road truck chassis.It uses Russia’s latest 2A88 152mm howitzer,In this respect, the 2S35-1 “Alliance-SV” has brought excellent performance: the unmanned turret is highly automated,The rate of fire is very fast,At the same time, the new 2A88 artillery is 52 times the diameter,The 2A88 has a range of about 40 kilometers,The range and accuracy are high.
Simultaneously,The shortcomings of this weapon are also obvious-weight and cost.The self-weight of the 2A88 gun reached 35 tons,Seriously affect its mobility,The price of unmanned turrets is not cheap in the current arms trade market.This brings challenges to Russia’s economic situation.And Russia has to equip a large number of troops,Renew existing artillery with lagging performance,In this situation,The Russian army needs a relatively cheap,Truck cannons with good performance to quickly fill the gaps,And replaced all kinds of towed artillery still in service in the Russian army.
And during the Ukrainian Civil War in 2014 and the subsequent Syrian War, RussiaThe Russian artillery showed great advantages,After the addition, the Russian military pressure surged,Step up Russia’s research and development of low-cost truck guns.For Russia,Research on truck guns,Not only to meet the needs of the troops,And can guarantee a certain number of self-propelled artillery scale.the most important is,Through the development of new truck guns,It can also train the R&D team.And based on Russia’s basic national conditions,Russia’s military trade revenue occupies a very important position in GDP.In the current international arms market,Truck guns such as the French “Caesar” and the Swedish “Archer” have achieved good reputation and sales.As a major arms sales country,Russia’s research and development of truck guns can naturally be divided into this “big cake”.
“Mallow” truck cannon show strong Russian military strength
The “Mallow” truck gun can be retracted and released quickly with mechanical power,The transition time between the marching state and the combat state will not exceed one minute.Unlike traditional artillery,The robotic arm on the truck gun can almost replace human handling and loading shells.Greatly save time and manpower.And the truck gun can quickly make a steering action according to the battlefield situation,Face the enemy behind you.The car can turn around in a short time,Make the quickest response.Truck guns are smarter than traditional artillery.The gun itself can carry a lot of electronic equipment,The level of informatization is obviously higher by a notch.Take the French Caesar as an example,Equipped with Sigma 30 three-coordinate inertial navigation and positioning system,Can provide the truck gun with the exact position of the target.The fire control computer in the car can perform target recognition based on the information detected by the radar,Identification of friend or foe; and the automatic data transmission system allows the artillery to keep in touch with the superior at any time,Realize real-time data sharing.
The installation of new truck guns is a major advancement for the Russian artillery forces.Not only improves the survivability of artillery,Strategic mobility,And also greatly improved the ability to respond to fast emergencies.In the Syrian war,The role of artillery is not only reflected in large-scale military operations,It is also reflected in street fighting,Artillery provides strong fire support for the overall tactical plan.The overall weight of the truck gun is light,Good mobility,Therefore, it is suitable for road complex terrain use.
Different let the environment determine the type of ammunition used by the artillery.For example, the French Caesar truck gun can be different according to the specific environment.Apply different ammunition,Like a grenade,Bottom exhaust grenade,Sub-munition,Guided missiles,Mine bombs,Flares for smoking and so on.
For the Russian army,It can be seen in the Syrian battlefield and the war in Afghanistan that its original fixed artillery has defects and poor mobility.The most proud of the truck gun is not its firepower.But its mobility.Analogy to French Caesar,By c130 transport plane,A Caesar cannon and a base ammunition can be airlifted directly from France to Africa.As long as it is a place where off-road trucks can drive,Car guns can also do it,Its excellent strategic projection mobility and tactical battlefield mobility,It meets the needs of modern artillery for long-range mobile quick combat and quick withdrawal,It also enhanced the powerful and rapid support force of the artillery unit,Based on the advantages of truck guns,It can be seen that the installation of truck guns has gained a greater advantage for the Russian army in the face of local low-intensity wars.
Truck guns are powerful firepower output points that can adapt to different battlefields.Its mobility and survivability increase,Improved its ability to support battlefield operations,A better interpretation of what is “the god of land warfare”. (Jiang Tingshuai, Hu Jing, Jiang Nan, and Manze)